Cataract is the cloudiness occurred in part or the whole eye lens. This will decrease eyesight, as the cloudiness of the eye lens will cause the light not refracted correctly.
As a tropic country with the sun shining all year long, Indonesia has a relatively big number of cataract patients. Not only caused by the degenerative factors, the cataract also can be caused by a high UV exposure to the eyes. The Cataract may also be caused by drugs/supplement abuse, especially steroid, trauma or accident on the eye, previous eye surgery, and other factors that currently unknown.
According to the Survey of the Sight and Hearing in 1993-1996, the number of national blindness in Indonesia reached 1.5% of the total population, but in 2013 have decreased to 0.9% which more than half of the number caused by cataracts.
Blindness caused by cataracts is preventable if detected early. Below are the symptoms of Cataracts:
- Blurry or cloudy sight, or no sight at all
- Your eyes are sensitive to the lights or glare
- Frequent changes in eyeglass or contact lens prescription
- Glare vision on bright places
- A clearer vision in a dimly lighted room rather than in a brighter room
- Double vision or blurred vision
More than half of the Cataract cases occur as a result of the degenerative process. That is why the elderly have a greater risk to get cataract on one or both eyes.
Besides the degenerative process, the cataract has some other type. Among them is Congenital Cataract or a type of cataract was found in children. Traumatic Cataract or the cataract happened because of a collision with a sharp or blunt object with the eye. Complicated Cataract or the cataract incurred after infection, steroid abuse in a long period, and Diabetes Mellitus.
Cataract Surgery involved two phases, which is to remove the cloudy lens and replace it with an intraocular lens. At the JEC there are various options for the most current surgery therapy for cataract. The option includes phacoemulsification, and Centurion ® Vision System, Femtosecond Laser-Assisted Cataract Surgery. These technologies enable a very minimum surgery risk so the patient can go home immediately after the procedure.
Consult your eye condition with our ophthalmologist at the JEC to find the best option for your condition.
Cataract & Refractive Surgery Service: Femtosecond Laser-Assisted Cataract Surgery (FLACS)
Modern surgery method for Cataract at JEC today utilize Femtosecond Laser-Assisted Cataract Surgery]. The incision for this surgery procedure made by a high precision laser operated via computer, not by a manual scalpel. The result has minimum trauma for the patient and better vision quality.
The Femtosecond Laser Cataract Surgery (FLACS) is the best choice because it’s safer, has high accuracy and a faster healing process.
Then using a Phacoemulsification machine, the doctor will remove the cloudy eye lens to be replaced by an Intraocular Lens.
Intraocular Lens is a synthetic lens which typically implanted to replace the cataract eye. There is various type of Intraocular Lens which usage will be adjusted to the patient’s need. For more information, you can discuss it with the doctor about the most appropriate need for your condition. These are some of the Intraocular Lens available at JEC:
- Monofocal Lens
It is the most common type used, because of its affordable price. This intraocular lens only has a fixed focus for one distance. A cataract doctor may select monofocal IOLs that are in near focus, for mid-distance focus, or for distant focus. Only one of these three can be selected and the focus will not change after surgery.
- Aspheric Lens
This lens is capable to help to create a very good eyesight quality, suitable for patients with active outdoor activities. E.g night driving or outdoor sport. The shape of the Aspheric lens can reduce light abrasion and reducing glare so that the eye will be more comfortable in the outdoors.
- Non-Aspheric Lens
This type of lens can improve the patient’s eyesight, but the capability of reducing light abrasion is not as good as the Aspheric Lens. The spheric lens is suggested for whom without many outdoor activities, e.g. stay at home mother.
- Multifocal Lens
In the past, the main purpose of IOL implementation was to retrieve the eyesight, especially for activities with requirement of the capability to see far objects like driving or to mere watching television. To get the capability to see near objects, like reading a book, usually still required a pair of reading glasses.
But now, with the invention of Multifocal Lens, our eyes will be able to see far, near, or medium range without the help of a pair of glasses. Because this IOL type has some focal point to help us to see clearly after the Cataract operation.
- Toric Lens
The Toric lens is the premium lens type, because other than help our eye to get brighter and clear eyesight, it can also overcoming cylindrical eyes (astigmatism) to -3.00